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Position of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the Main Issues of the Agenda of the 65 th Session of the UN General Assembly

 

The 65 th session of the United Nations General Assembly deliberations will be held in the context of ongoing global financial and economic crises. Although the world community has succeeded in stemming global depression, economic recovery requires further consistent collective multilateral action at the global, regional and national levels.

The United Nations Member States need to invest colossal efforts to overcome the challenges and threats arising from key issues on the global agenda, such as the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, international terrorism, widespread diseases, illicit drugs and climate change.

In accordance with the course and priorities of Kazakhstan's foreign policy, the country will continue its work within the objectives and programmes of the United Nations which are focused on strengthening and increasing the Organization's role in overcoming the most vital problems besetting the 21 st century.

We concur with the view of the vast majority of Member States that the General Assembly plays a central role as the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the United Nations, whose role, authority and efficiency and impact need further enhancement.

We consider that enlargement of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) shall encompass the following two categories: permanent and non-permanent members, based on equitable regional representation and respect for the sovereign equality of states. In addition, the reform shall entail a redefinition and streamlining of the working methods of the Council to improve its effectiveness, transparency and accountability.

We share the view that the current structure, rules and regulations of the United Nations Secretariat do not correspond with the Organization's present needs. Kazakhstan supports the process of restructuring the Secretariat's administrative and financial system within the framework of the consultatitive process of the United Nation's System-Wide Coherence.

Since its independence, Kazakhstan has taken a principled stand on nuclear disarmament and the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD),and aims at achieving concrete results in the multilateral disarmament machinery with regard to both the WMD and conventional weapons.

We are committed to further strengthening and enhancing universality of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Kazakhstan had actively supported the holding of the Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in May this year. It is confident that the decisions adopted by consensus in its Outcome Document, with its conclusions and recommendations, provide a sound foundation for further global cooperation on disarmament, non-proliferation and the peaceful use of nuclear energy.

Kazakhstan voluntarily renounced nuclear weapons and closed the second largest nuclear test site in the world. It will, therefore, continue a consistent policy to promote initiatives aimed at reducing nuclear weapons until their total abolition. At the initiative of Kazakhstan, the United Nations General Assembly adopted, on 2 December 2009, a resolution declaring August 29 , the date of closure of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site, as the International Day against Nuclear Tests . The Day is meant to galvanize momentum and action for advocacy for the banning of nuclear tests to move towards a world free of nuclear weapons, and can be viewed as the country's vital contribution towards the objectives of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and its early entry into force, which Kazakhstan supports. It also reinforces strengthening the verification mechanism of this Agreement.

Kazakhstan has been in the forefront, along with other countries of the region, for the creation of the Central Asian Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone , which came into force on 21 March 2009, thereby playing a crucial role in strengthening regional and international peace and security. We urge the nuclear weapons states to take the necessary steps for the early signing of the Protocol as a legally binding instrument for negative guarantee assurances.

In accordance with the Semipalatinsk Treaty which established this zone in Central Asia, Kazakhstan is making efforts to strengthen the physical protection of nuclear materials and equipment. To achieve this goal, Kazakhstan is working on developing a regional action plan to strengthen nuclear safety, and thereby prevent nuclear proliferation and combat nuclear terrorism.

Kazakhstan is committed to the formation of new nuclear-weapon free zones, and towards this end, President Nursultan Nazarbayev advocated the establishment of a nuclear weapon-free zone in the Middle East at the Global Summit on Nuclear Safety, in Washington in early April, and at the Third Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures (CICA) Summit in Istanbul, in June this year. Undoubtedly, such a measure will lead to dialogue, peace, cooperation and mutual trust in the entire Middle East region. 
We believe that the nuclear weapon-free zones in Central Asia, Latin America, Africa and Southeast Asia will inspire other regions of the world so that our entire planet will become one common zone of peace and security. 
We consider it necessary to begin the process of drafting the Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty (FMCT) in the Conference on Disarmament. It is crucial for leaders of all countries to demonstrate the political will to commence the formulation and adoption of this important Treaty.

We share the vision of countries around the world advocating the early steps to make the Convention against Nuclear Weapons a reality. As a first step in this direction, President Nursultan Nazarbayev proposed formulating the Universal Declaration of Nuclear Weapon Free World , as the first step with a pledged commitment of all States, leading gradually to the ideal of a world without nuclear weapons. 
Kazakhstan is the largest producer of uranium and, possessing the expertise and capacity for processing highly enriched uranium to low enriched form, intends to contribute to the development of peaceful uses of nuclear energy. It, therefore, offers to host on its territory an international nuclear fuel bank under the surveillance of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) , and provide guarantees for its safe and secure storage.

Kazakhstan also believes that establishing an international stockpile of low enriched uranium under IAEA auspices will bring benefit to all States by gaining access to nuclear fuel, without prejudice to their sovereign right to develop its peaceful domestic nuclear power programmes in accordance with the provisions of the NPT and the IAEA Statutes.

At the same time, Kazakhstan supports the legitimate and inalienable right of each State Party to the NPT to develop and use peaceful nuclear energy in compliance with all the requirements of the IAEA.

One of the most important tools for preventive measures is UNSC sanctions on critical peace and security issues. Kazakhstan fully supports their effective implementation in the field of nuclear non-proliferation with a view to avert the negative effects of nuclear threats to the maximum extent possible.

Kazakhstan holds the position that the use of force must remain the last resort, in accordance with Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, and must be resorted to only when all political and diplomatic means of settlement fail.

We note the importance of assisting post-conflict countries with a view to achieve lasting peace and stability upon the termination of peacekeeping missions. Of special importance for maintaining peace and security is the necessity of a building a close partnership between the United Nations, and regional and other inter-governmental organizations.

 

Kazakhstan believes that organized crime, drug trafficking and international terrorism constitute a complex of interrelated problems that cannot be solved independent of each other. We regret the fact that, during the last year, these problems became rampant and assumed immense proportions. We are thus particularly concerned about the threat posed by the possible seizure of WMD by terrorist groups.

We believe that the full range of these issues can be resolved only by collective action both on the international level through the United Nations, Security Council Counterterrorism Committees, and the United Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC), and at the regional level by structures, such as the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), GIVE FULL NAME (CSTO), ……..(SCO) and others. Kazakhstan, t herefore, stands for continuously enhancing international cooperation in these areas.

We support efforts of the international community to develop practical measures to strengthen existing mechanism s to fight terrorism and to improve legal instruments facilitating counter-terrorism collaboration between the various stakeholders. Kazakhstan s upports the early implementation of all the provisions contained in the Global Counter-terrorism Strategy adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 8 September 2006 . We also expect the earliest possible adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism.

Kazakhstan supports the action of the United Nations to combat illicit drug activities and mobilizes regional cooperation to stop drug flows from Afghanistan. The creation of CARICC (Central Asian Regional Information Coordination Center) in Almaty has been recognized one of the greatest achievements on this track. We believe that CARICC should become a regional platform in the fight against illicit drugs.

Kazakhstan is also strongly committed to pursue the step-by-step development of regional cooperation in order to provide security and economic prosperity of countries in the region.

Today, a new security architecture is being developed in Central Asia, the key elements of which are organizations, such as the Collective Security Treaty Organization ( ? STO), Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Conference on Interaction and Confidence building Measures in Asia (CICA), and the Eurasian Economic Community (EAE ? ). They have the potential to become effective tools for overcoming global financial and economic crises, providing energy and food security, and combating terrorism, drug trafficking and trans-border organized crime.

Kazakhstan supports the efforts aimed at developing and enhancing cooperation of these regional organizations with the organs and entities of the United Nations.

Kazakhstan considers OSCE as an important component of modern European security architecture. Chairmanship of the OSCE and working within the OSCE troika, during 2009-2011, is one of the key priorities of Kazakhstan's foreign policy today. As Chair of the OSCE, Kazakhstan seeks to strengthen the Central-and-Asian sector of the Organization since resolving problems of this region is in the interests of all OSCE member-countries, and the events in Kyrgyzstan have amply demonstrated this fact. The OSCE plays an important role in fighting new emerging threats, such as terrorism, religious extremism and drug trafficking. During Kazakhstan's term of Chairmanship, in addition to the security issues, promoting tolerance and non-discrimination became priority directions of OSCE's work. In particular, the OSCE High-Level Tolerance and Non-discrimination Conference, held in Astana, on 29-30 2010, addressed these issues, and strongly demonstrated that the problems of inter-ethnic and inter-confessional accord are acute and require greater attention.

Kazakhstan's Chairmanship coincides with the 35 th anniversary of the Helsinki Final Act, the main document that laid the foundation for the establishment of the OSCE. It is therefore relevant and crucial to assess thoroughly the present role of the Organization, discuss current issues of security and cooperation in the Euro-Atlantic and Euro-Asian regions at the highest levels during the OSCE Summit, in Astana on 1-2 December 2010.

Kazakhstan believes that one of the most serious impediments in safeguarding security is the lack of an efficient comprehensive mechanism for preventing destructive conflicts and their escalation at the regional and international levels.

Kazakhstan is convinced of the significant importance of international cooperation in the research and uses of outer space. Being the annual co-sponsor of the resolution, International Cooperation in Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, we stand for all measures to ensure peaceful outer space.

Kazakhstan affirms its strong support for the activities of the Committee on the peaceful uses of outer space, which serves as an important instrument in preserving the role of the United Nations as a coordination centre for realizing the goals of the world community. Such a coordination role would for the Organization would advance research and the uses of outer space, which is the property of all humankind.

Kazakhstan supports the idea of formulating a comprehensive convention in the sphere of international outer space legislation.

Kazakhstan is dedicated to meeting its commitments for achieving the Millennium Development Goals . To this end, it has established firm long term development strategies including: Strategy Kazakhstan 2030, the Strategic Plan for Kazakhstan's Development by 2020, and the National Accelerated Industrial Innovation Programme 2010-2014. Kazakhstan is among those countries where the MDGs have already been reached in a number of key areas. We are now focusing on implementing the strategy of “MDG Plus,” which goes beyond the targets in the original MDGs. Kazakhstan has already achieved MDG 1: reducing by half the number of people living below the internationally recognized poverty level. Two additional MDGs, universal primary education and the promotion of gender equality, have also met their targets.

In order to achieve the MDGs, Kazakhstan strongly supports the establishment of an on-going and constructive dialogue between the development stakeholders, including the traditional and emerging donors. We welcome measures by the donor community to optimize and increase its effectiveness, particularly through improving coordination among United Nations funds and programmes at the country level.

Kazakhstan advocates a global partnership in development through open, non-discriminatory and fair multilateral trade , which would contribute positively and substantively to growth and sustainable development. A successful conclusion to the Doha Round would make a significant contribution to the global efforts on poverty eradication and fostering socio-economic development.

Integration into the global economy by accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) remains a firm foreign policy priority of Kazakhstan. We look forward to further constructive negotiations with member-states and the WTO Secretariat in order to conclude the accession process.

We support the coordination of efforts at all levels on transport infrastructure development and trade system enhancement. Additionally, we endorse efforts to provide access to world markets for land-locked and developing countries. Implementation of the Almaty Program of Action will depend on the level of support given by the international community, including financial and development institutions, as well as the donors.

Kazakhstan favors reform of the international monetary and financial system in order to build capacity and increase the effectiveness of the Bretton Woods Institutions (BWI). Such reforms will help prevent and avert macro-economic risks and mitigate the impact of future financial crises.

Reform of the BWI is also important in order to uphold the principles of democracy, justice, transparency, equality and legitimacy though fair representation reflecting the realities of today's world.

Kazakhstan agrees that the United Nations should play the central role in coordinating the reform process as it is a unique institution, one capable of carrying out an impartial analysis and of taking pragmatic and impartial political decisions in the reform process.

Kazakhstan welcomes the agreements reached during the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) World Summit on food security (Rome, November 2009) and urges all countries to activate efforts on implementing measures stipulated in its Outcome Declaration.

In the light of global interdependence, we are convinced that the role of United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) , as a central coordinating system of the United Nations for considering trade and development issues, is increasing and will continue to do so. This includes related issues such as investment, technology and sustainable development.

Kazakhstan attaches great importance to coordination efforts with United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO ) as an international structure dealing with the industrial development of developing countries and countries with economies in transition. Its measures will reinforce the implementation of coordinated United Nations activities aimed at industrial growth.

Kazakhstan attaches high priority to its cooperation with the United Nations on environmental issues . Realizing the full gravity of consequences of global climate change, Kazakhstan considers multilateral cooperation on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as one of its main priorities. To fulfill its international obligation, Kazakhstan acceded to the Kyoto Protocol in 2009, and to the Copenhagen Agreement in 2010. Kazakhstan has undertaken commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 15% by the year 2020, and to reach the target of 25% by 2050. In addition, Kazakhstan has applied to be enlisted in Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol with a view to legalizing its pledge within the stipulated limits. The country is also engaged actively in mechanisms ensuring speedy transition to low-emission technologies.

The territory of Kazakhstan has some ecologically unfavorable zones, such as the Aral Sea and the former Semipalatinsk nuclear test site . Cooperation in the framework of rehabilitation and restoration of these devastated areas with the assistance of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is of high importance. Kazakhstan has offered to host the sub-regional Central-Asian office of UNEP.

Convinced of the importance of addressing environmental problems, Kazakhstan hosted the ministerial c onference under the auspices of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) in September 2010 in Astana, and will organize another one within the framework of the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) in 2011, also in Astana. Both forums will be focused on creating ‘Green Bridge' between Europe and Asia, and harmonizing programmes on sustainable development and environmental protection.    

We stand for the strict and indisputable compliance of the mandatory principles of international law , designed to be the foundation of the modern world and, therefore, support the efforts of the global community to promote international legal regulation for all important issues facing us today.

Kazakhstan is committed to promote the rule of law on national and international levels by continuing its work by joining United Nations agreements and conventions and fulfilling the provisions contained therein.

Kazakhstan attaches great importance to cooperation with relevant United Nations bodies, institutions and mechanisms in the field of protection and the promotion of human rights. Kazakhstan shares the opinion, with other Member States, that there needs to be a special focus on the most vulnerable groups, such as persons with disabilities, women, youth, and people in special situations (armed conflicts, emergencies and occupation). Economic decline, the adverse impact of climate change and political instability in some regions are severe challenges to the commitment of States to effective capacity-building in the area of human rights protection.

Kazakhstan signed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Optional Protocol thereto in December 2008. Kazakhstan intends, at an early date, to ratify the aforementioned Convention, which is designed to protect and promote the inclusive and equal rights and fundamental freedoms of persons with disabilities.

Kazakhstan supports the adoption of the United Nations General Assembly resolution creating a new gender architecture - “UN Women”. We express our confidence that UN Women will give impetus to the promotion of women's rights and equality. In this regard, the establishment of a separate Executive Board will overcome real challenges of achieving MDG 3 on gender equality and the empowerment of women within the context of implementing national development strategies.

Kazakhstan believes that human rights cannot be regarded by States as mechanisms for leverage. States should collaborate with the United Nations on the basis of an open and transparent dialogue. In this regard, Kazakhstan welcomes the current activities of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UN HRC) and the comprehensive process of Universal Periodic Review. Recognizing the UN HRC's central role in the promotion and protection of human rights was a determining consideration for Kazakhstan to bid for nomination as member of the UN HRC for the term 2012 – 2015.

Kazakhstan is fully committed to the implementation of the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS and the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and supports the global fight against AIDS.
Kazakhstan fully supports international efforts to eradicate human trafficking through the establishment of the Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons. Kazakhstan proposes that there be a comprehensive approach to eliminate the social, economic and gender preconditions that result in initial and recurrent trafficking of persons. Kazakhstan supports the need to focus on the identification of the victims of trafficking, as well as make a distinction from illegal migrants.
We consider that, as a result of constructive national and regional policies, the current trend of international migration is capable of benefiting the development of the countries of destination and transit, as well as the countries of origin.
The globalization of world labor markets in an era of increased mobility requires a fundamental review of national positions towards migrant workers. Kazakhstan cooperates successfully in this field both regionally and sub-regionally. Kazakhstan places great hope in the efficient activities of the United Nations and its specialized agencies for protecting the rights of migrant workers and local populations in this area of great concern.
Kazakhstan also considers that the UN plays a leading role in the consolidation of efforts to prevent and eliminate racism, racial discrimination , xenophobia and related intolerance.

 

Taking into account that an open inter-cultural and inter-religious dialogue is conducive to strengthening peace and security, our country will continue implementing its initiative on promoting tolerance and understanding in the international arena.

In July 2009, with support and technical assistance of the United Nations system, the third Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions was held under the initiative of Kazakhstan and has become a natural and effective element of global inter-faith dialogue of the present-day world.

Implementing the resolution of the United Nations General Assembly, declaring the year of 2010 as the International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures,assumed high priority in our actions. Being an initiator of the relevant resolution of the UN General Assembly that created it, Kazakhstan calls all countries of the world and international organizations to contribute in achieving this Year's goals by holding various events to promote cultural understanding.

We are pleased to point out significant progress was made in the activities of the Alliance of Civilizations and its importance as a United Nations platform for implementing projects to overcome inter-cultural, inter-ethnic and inter-religious contradictions – ( not the right word) tensions.

In this context Kazakhstan is ready to act as one of the centres for inter-cultural and inter-confessional dialogue at the international level and thus make its own contribution in establishing inter-civilization dialogue to serve as a bridge between the West and East in the common Euro-Asian region.

Promoting tolerance, non-discrimination and inter-cultural dialogue is one of key priorities of Kazakhstan as the country holding the Chairmanship of the OSCE in 2010. The OSCE High-Level Tolerance and Non-discrimination Conference held in Astana on June 29-30, 2010, made a noticeable contribution in promoting ideas of tolerance, non-discrimination and intercultural dialogue in the OSCE region.

To a wide extent the issue of tolerance will be also in the focus of Kazakhstan's attention during its chairmanship in the Organization of Islamic Conference in 2011.

 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

of the Republic of Kazakhstan

 

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