Statement by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
H.E. Mr. Nursultan A. Nazarbayev, at the sixty-sixth session
of the United Nations General Assembly
New York City, 21 September 2011
Ladies and gentlemen,
On behalf of the Republic of Kazakhstan and on my own behalf, let me congratulate the United Nations Secretary-General, Mr. Ban Ki-moon, on his reelection to this high and important office.
I also congratulate Ambassador of Qatar, Mr. Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser, on his election to the Presidency of the sixty-sixth session of the United Nations General Assembly. The Republic of Kazakhstan congratulates the Republic of South Sudan, the newest member of the community of nations, on gaining its independence.
Ladies and gentlemen,
This year, our country celebrates the 20th anniversary of its independence. All along, Kazakhstan has been faithfully complying with the letter and spirit of the United Nations Charter.
First, we have shut down the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site and have become one of the world's first newly independent non-nuclear States. That represents an important contribution by my country to global peace and stability.
Second, we have succeeded in convening the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA), which I proposed nineteen years ago. Today, some 29 countries, representing nearly half the world's population, are among its participants. Last year, Kazakhstan became the first C.I.S. country to chair the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). We have provided an impetus to all dimensions in the work of that organization. We succeeded in holding a Summit of the OSCE in Astana, the first such event in the last 11 years. The adoption of the Astana Declaration has strengthened the OSCE in the interests of creation of a co-operative and indivisible security community across the Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian regions. Kazakhstan has called for the establishment of a Platform for Co-operative Eurasian Security by combining, in the long term, the OSCE and CICA capabilities.
Statement by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan,
H.E. Mr. Nursultan A. Nazarbayev,
at the High-level Meeting on Nuclear Safety and Security
New York City, 22 September 2011
Ladies and Gentlemen.
First of all, I would like to thank the organizers of this meeting and, personally, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, H.E. Mr. Ban Ki-moon, for the invitation to attend it, and the opportunity to exchange views on issues of nuclear safety and security.
This theme has become a top priority for me in my work as President of Kazakhstan.
In my view, nuclear safety and security poses a triple challenge.
First, we should protect humankind from nuclear weapons, which constitutes the military and political aspects of the issue.
Second, we should counter potential nuclear terrorism.
Third, we should ensure safety of nuclear power.
As for the first aspect, our position remains unchanged - the objective of historical significance is to move towards a nuclear-weapon-free world.
In the near future, it would be necessary to conclude a convention that would bind nuclear powers not to use, or threaten to use, nuclear weapons against non-nuclear weapons states.
As we advance along the road to a nuclear-weapon-free world, an important challenge is to look for new approaches to nuclear safety and security.
In my view, it is fundamentally important to bring international legal norms in line with the reality of the existence of de facto nuclear weapons states.
Fortunately, the world has not yet been confronted with the problem of nuclear terrorism.
Still, in practical terms, one cannot hedge against such a threat.
Perhaps, the greatest risks of uncontrolled spread of nuclear threat are associated with those States that are involved in the "black market" of nuclear technologies.
It is not a matter of amending the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; rather, it is a matter of credible compliance with it by its State Parties.
The latest world events show that we have actually reached a fundamentally new stage in the use of nuclear power.
In this regard, Kazakhstan puts forward three universal principles of the safe development of nuclear power for peaceful purposes.
Tags: general assembly